Qualcomm Announces Snapdragon 7 Gen 1: Bringing Armv9 To Premium Smartphonesby Ryan Smith on May 20, 2022 10:30 AM EST
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- Snapdragon 7 Gen 1
Alongside the new Snapdragon 8+ Gen 1, as part of Qualcomm’s “Snapdragon Night” event in China this evening, the company is also rolling out a brand-new SoC for the premium phone market, the Snapdragon 7 Gen 1. Aimed downmarket of Qualcomm’s traditional flagship SoCs, the Snapdragon 7 Gen 1 is the first non-flagship SoC to be introduced by Qualcomm since they implemented their new platform naming and differentiation scheme. But, like the Snapdragon 7xx series before it, the latest Snapdragon 7 SoC follows the same design mantra of offering flagship-level features with more modest performance and costs.
Within Qualcomm’s pantheon of smartphone SoCs, the Snapdragon 7 Gen 1 is the successor to last year’s Snapdragon 780G/778G parts. For the moment, Qualcomm is sticking with a single SKU, though last year the 780G and 778G were a few months apart – so Qualcomm may bifurcate things farther down the line.
Like its predecessors, the 7 Gen 1 follows Qualcomm’s cascading development strategy, which sees new features first pioneered in their flagship SoC successively implemented in future, lower-tier chips. The big update on the Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 was of course the switch to the Armv9 architecture and Arm’s associated CPU cores, and now Arm’s premium tier SoC is getting the same treatment.
|Qualcomm Snapdragon 7-Class SoCs|
|SoC||Snapdragon 7 Gen 1||Snapdragon 780G|
|DSP / NPU||Hexagon||Hexagon 770|
|2x 16-bit CH
@ 3200MHz LPDDR5 / 25.6GB/s
|2x 16-bit CH
@ 2133MHz LPDDR4X / 17.0GB/s
|ISP/Camera||Triple 14-bit Spectra ISP
1x 200MP or 84MP with ZSL
64+20MP with ZSL
3x 25MP with ZSL
4K HDR video & 64MP burst capture
|Triple 14-bit Spectra 570 ISP
1x 192MP or 84MP with ZSL
64+20MP with ZSL
3x 25MP with ZSL
|4K30 10-bit H.265
Dolby Vision, HDR10+, HDR10, HLG
720p480 infinite recording
H.264 & H.265
10-bit HDR pipelines
|Integrated Modem||X62 Integrated
(5G NR Sub-6 + mmWave)
DL = 4400 Mbps
(5G NR Sub-6 4x4 100MHz)
DL = 3300 Mbps
|Mfc. Process||Samsung 4nm||Samsung 5LPE|
In terms of organization, the new 7 Gen 1 is very similar to the 780G, implementing a 1+3+4 core configuration. Qualcomm is only using two core types here – the high-performance Cortex-A710 and high-efficiency Cortex-A510 – so rather than the prime core being a unique core type (ala the Cortex-X2 on the 8G1), it’s another Cortex-A710 here. Qualcomm is clocking this core at 2.4GHz, meanwhile the remaining 3 A710s are clocked a bit lower at 2.36GHz. Finally, the A510s come clocked at 1.8GHz, the same as on the 8G1.
The shift in CPU cores also brings an update to Qualcomm’s memory controller. The 7 Gen 1 adds LPDDR5 capabilities, supporting up to the same LPDDR5-6400 data rates as the 8 Gen 1. So with a 2x16-bit channel memory bus, the 7 Gen 1 can access up to 25.6GB/second of memory bandwidth, a 50% improvement over the LPDDR4X-capable 780G.
Unusual even for Qualcomm, the company isn’t talking about CPU performance with the new part. So absent benchmarking data, there’s little we can say here about performance expectations. The new Arm cores should allow for better performance, but there’s a lot of wiggle-room due to implementation details.
Meanwhile Qualcomm is being a bit more talkative on the GPU front, though not immensely so. Like the 8G1, Qualcomm is dropping any kind of model number for the GPU on the 7 Gen 1, so it’s simply “Adreno” with nothing to differentiate it from the 8G1 or previous-generation parts. Technically, we can’t even infer whether it uses Qualcomm’s new GPU architecture – though given the feature set and cascading design strategy, it’s almost certainly yes. But what Qualcomm is saying about the GPU performance of the new part is that it’s 20% faster than the Snapdragon 778G and it’s Adreno 642L GPU. By going with the weaker SKU, this is cherry picking by Qualcomm, but for now it at least confirms that the 7 Gen 1 will be somewhat faster than its predecessor.
Which is a good thing, too, since gaming is one of the major focuses of the 7 Gen 1. It’s gaming/GPU performance that Qualcomm leads with in their 7 Gen 1 marketing materials, and it’s no coincidence that this part is being announced at an event in China. Mobile gaming is big across the globe, but nowhere is it bigger than the Chinese market. So Qualcomm is undoubtedly expecting their OEM partners to shift a significant number of gaming-focused handsets in that busy market.
Meanwhile, since this isn’t a flagship part like the new 8+ Gen 1, Qualcomm isn’t being as aggressive on the fab front, either. The 7 Gen 1 is being produced on Samsung’s 4nm process, the same one as the original 8 Gen 1, and which Qualcomm is intentionally supplanting with TSMC for their flagship SoC. And while Samsung’s process is clearly the lower performing option at this juncture, with lines at TSMC running out the door and around the block, it’s not surprising to see Qualcomm opt for what is a less constrained (and undoubtedly cheaper) fab for their second-tier smartphone SoC.
CPU and GPU matters aside, Qualcomm’s cascading design strategy also means a few other notable features from the 8G1 are moving down to their new 7-series SoC. That includes the newest Spectra ISP, as well as Qualcomm’s latest AI hardware and their trust management engine.
In the case of the 7 Gen 1’s Spectra ISP, it has been scaled down accordingly from the 8G1. Qualcomm is still implementing a “triple” ISP here that can handle up to 3 simultaneous cameras, however total throughput is lower. Still, the ISP can handle up to a 200MP image now, though that drops significantly to 64MP if you need zero shutter lag. Past that, this is another 14-bit imaging pipeline ISP, which is on-par with the 780G, but lacks the additional dynamic range of the 8G1.
Rounding out the package is an integrated modem, in the form of Qualcomm’s Snapdragon X62. Compared to last year’s 780G SoC and its X53 modem, the X62-equipped 7 Gen 1 offers both greater throughput and more bands. In particular, this SoC is mmWave capable, which was a notable omission from last year’s SoC. Altogether, the 7G1/X62 is capable of reaching download speeds up to 4.4Gbps, a 33% improvement over its predecessor.
Wrapping things up, the Snapdragon 7 Gen 1 will be the quicker to ship of Qualcomm’s two new SoCs today. According to the company, handsets using the SoC will be available this quarter, with Honor, OPPO, and Xiaomi among the OEMs slated to release phones based around the new chip.
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lmcd - Friday, May 20, 2022 - linkmmWave still seems like a bit of an anti-feature. Rather see the die space go to a better CPU, but we're still ruled by US carriers.
Arsenica - Friday, May 20, 2022 - linkQualcomm only integrates the modem into their SOCs while Transceivers, RF amps, envelope trackers, antennas, etc are still additional components.
So if a feature of it is not used (like mmWave in non-US models) the blocks specific to that feature are simply turned or fused off and it makes no difference in power usage.
On the other hand making a different SOC featuring everything but mmWave makes no financial sense as in the era of 15+ Billion transistor mobile SOCs the mmWave-only modem blocks are more of a rounding error (in the modem mmWave and FR1 bands share pretty much all blocks but the interface to the mmWave modules).
Wereweeb - Saturday, May 21, 2022 - linkThanks for the info
lmcd - Monday, May 23, 2022 - linkFair enough. I guess I got confused by the first generation, where the mmWave 8xx was discrete and the non-mmWave 7xx was integrated. Must have been an integration issue and not a die space issue.
ylylxb - Saturday, October 8, 2022 - linkTo be precise, mmwave's support is a compromise to the American operators and the government. The United States first approved mmwave, while the first commercial 5g modem (supporting sub6 and mmwave) manufacturers were Huawei and Qualcomm. Huawei obviously cannot enter the US market. So Qualcomm must support mmwave.... The second batch of equipment manufacturers independently developing 5g modems include samsung, unisoc and mtk. Mtk has only recently resolved mmwave, unisoc has not yet resolved mmwave, and exynos 1080 has only resolved mmwave. In addition to mmwave technical barriers,
Mtk and Unisoc are Chinese enterprises. Obviously, the US government will not allow them to dump cheap chips to the US to hurt Qualcomm
kpb321 - Friday, May 20, 2022 - linkFrom the high level specs I just don't see the point of the prime core. It's 40mhz faster than the other three cores. Doesn't seem to be a meaningful difference. Does it have a larger cache compared to the other 3 cores? Does it have it's own power plane? Is it just a marketing point to say it's got one better core?
Wilco1 - Friday, May 20, 2022 - linkThe prime core typically has double the L2 cache which can make a lot of difference. I agree that the frequencies seem quite close.
ballsystemlord - Friday, May 20, 2022 - linkI'm certain that the extra 40Mhz makes a world of difference for performance on the top core.
tipoo - Saturday, May 21, 2022 - linkMight have a different cache setup, not sure on that, and it's on a different clock domain so it can be doing something different than the other cores. The small difference does seem silly at first though I'd agree, and I've not been that convinced of this three layer bigger.big.little sandwich (Apple still mostly dominates without)
syxbit - Friday, May 20, 2022 - linkIs this really a 1+3+4? when the first 4 cores are identical minus a tiny, tiny, tiny clock difference?