Shuttle Squeezes Desktop Graphics Card into a 3-Liter XH110G SFF PC Barebonesby Anton Shilov on August 22, 2017 11:00 AM EST
Shuttle has announced a new small form-factor barebones PC aimed at entry-level gamers as well as those who need a SFF multi-monitor setup, such as graphics professionals, traders, digital signage, control room applications, and so on. The XH110G has a volume of only three liters, but can accommodate a variety of graphics cards, assuming that they do not consume excessive amounts of power and use single-slot cooling systems, because the chassis is only 78.5 mm thick.
The Shuttle XH110G is based on Intel’s H110 PCH and supports all contemporary desktop LGA1151 CPUs that Intel has to offer with up to 65 W TDP (no Xeons, no ECC memory, etc.). Therefore, the fastest processor the XH110G supports is the Core i7-7700, but given the form-factor, it is more likely that owners of the system will choose something like the Core i7-7700T with a 35 W thermal envelope. To cool down its CPU, the XH110G uses a notebook-like ICE cooling system featuring two heat pipes that take away thermal energy from the chip and transfer it to a fairly large radiator located on the right side of the chassis. The radiator is cooled down using two 60-mm fans. Typically, small high-pressure fans have very high RPMs and are noisy. Shuttle does not disclose many details about its fans, but says that the XH110G supports five fan modes for one of the fans: a PWM-controlled smart fan mode along with pre-set ultra-low, low, mid and full speed modes. Meanwhile, the second fan either rotates at a constant speed of around 1300 RPM (based on a screenshot from the BIOS manual - see the gallery below for details) or works at the speed of the first one. For extra ventilation, the XH110G chassis has many holes to ensure sufficient cooling for all components.
When it comes to DRAM and storage, everything looks pretty standard for a modern SFF PC: the XH110G has two SO-DIMM slots supporting up to 32 GB of DDR4-2400 memory, a 2.5” bay for an HDD or SSD located under the motherboard in a special bay, as well as one M.2 slot (PCIe and SATA) located on the motherboard near the fans to ensure proper cooling. Those, who would like to expand storage capacity of the XH110G further can install a USB flash drive into an external USB 2.0 port. Shuttle does not set maximum capacities for SSDs and HDDs supported by the new SFF PC, but since the thickness of the internal USB drive cannot exceed 11.5 mm, it looks like only 7-mm 2.5” storage devices are supported, which means up to 2 TB for contemporary HDDs. Keep in mind that the Intel 110 PCH has 6 PCIe 2.0 lanes, and therefore even if a PCIe 3.0 x4 SSD is used, its maximum throughput will be around 2 GB/s. This may not be a problem for entry-level systems that do not use high-end SSDs, but an advanced solid-state drive will not be a good fit for the XH110G.
Discrete graphics support is clearly a key selling point of the Shuttle XH110G. When it comes to integrated graphics outputs, the system itself has a D-Sub and an HDMI connector, which means that those who want to run two modern monitors will have to get a discrete video card. The graphics board should be installed horizontally above the CPU using a special riser card which has all pins needed for x16 operation. The card should use a single-slot cooler and its maximum length should be no longer than 208.5 mm. Shuttle officially lists AMD’s FirePro W600 and W2100, NVIDIA’s Quadro K2000 and M2000 as well as Matrox’s C680 (this one is particularly important as it can drive six displays) graphics adapters as supported, but the system can handle a great variety of graphics cards. Keep in mind though that the XH110G is powered by a 180 W external PSU and therefore maximum power consumption of a video card should not exceed around 100 W, even with a 35 W CPU. At present, the most powerful graphics adapters that can be installed into the XH110G system are the AMD Radeon RX 460 and NVIDIA’s GeForce GTX 1050 Ti.
As far as connectivity is concerned, the Shuttle XH110G looks rather basic. The system has two USB 3.0 ports on the front, and six USB 2.0 ports in total, a Gigabit Ethernet connector, driven by Intel’s i211 controller, and two 3.5-mm audio jacks. In a bid to get Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, one should buy a separate M.2-2230 WLN-M card from Shuttle (802.11ac, up to 500 Gbps, BT). In addition, the internal USB 2.0 header can be used to plug in a USB accessory, and Shuttle suggests a TV tuner or a 4G/LTE modem.
Rather moderate I/O features of the XH110G are conditioned by the company’s choice of chipset and its intention to keep the price and costs down.
|Shuttle XH110G Specifcations|
|CPU||Skylake or Kaby Lake CPU with 35 W or 65 W TDP
Up to Intel Core i7-7700
|dGPU||Single-slot graphics card up to 208.5 mm in length and a sub-100W TDP
Up to AMD Radeon RX460 or NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti
|DRAM||Two DDR4 SO-DIMM slots
Up to 32 GB of DDR4-2400 in dual-channel mode
|Storage||SSD||M.2-2280 (PCIe 2.0 x4 or SATA)|
|HDD||2.5"/7mm/9.5 mm SATA 6 Gbps|
|Wireless||Optional WLN-M 802.11ac Wi-Fi + Bluetooth module|
|Ethernet||1 GbE port (Intel i211)|
|USB||2×USB 3.0 Type-A
6×USB 2.0 Type-A
1×USB 2.0 internal
|Audio||2×3.5mm audio jacks (ALC662 controller)|
|PSU||External 180 W PSU|
|Warranty||Typical, varies by country|
|Dimensions||Length: 250 mm
Width: 200 mm
Height: 78.5 mm
|MSRP in Europe||€231 ($319)|
When it comes to price, the company has succeeded in keeping it low. Shuttle’s XH110G is now available from specialist retailers in Europe for €231 ($319), which is a price of a Mini-ITX case, an Intel B250-based motherboard with integrated 802.11ac Wi-Fi and a circa-400 W PSU. Shuttle’s system looks to be more compact than typical Mini-ITX builds and can be mounted to a display using a VESA mounting mechanism. However, it has a number of peculiarities when it comes to SSD performance, connectivity and support of graphics cards that may not be welcomed by enthusiasts.
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Sources of information and images: TechPowerUp, Shuttle.
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Visual - Tuesday, August 22, 2017 - linkWould be nice if you could point out what better-known desktop cards the quadro/firepro cards are equivalent to.
Also its curious how did the Alienware Alpha fit a GTX 960 in 2.2 litres and this one can't improve on that?
Qwertilot - Tuesday, August 22, 2017 - linkNot sure about the Alpha but at least some of these really tiny things have used mobile chips - logical but of course you can't then replace them.
hemedans - Wednesday, August 23, 2017 - linkEnter your commenti thought alpha use laptop gpu?
Samus - Wednesday, August 23, 2017 - linkDoesn't the Alpha use an MXM module? It isn't a PCIe card.
fackamato - Tuesday, August 22, 2017 - linkThis looked like a really good setup until I saw the 180W power supply.
What's the best GPU that one can fit in this case with that power limit? I couldn't find the +12v specifications of the PSU.
inighthawki - Tuesday, August 22, 2017 - linkFrom the specs table:
"Single-slot graphics card up to 208.5 mm in length and a sub-100W TDP
Up to AMD Radeon RX460 or NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti"
I'm honestly a bit surprised it can handle that.
fackamato - Tuesday, August 22, 2017 - linkAh, thanks.
I wonder, if you had an external power supply, if you could put a 1080 Ti in it.
JoeyJoJo123 - Tuesday, August 22, 2017 - linkNo, because it wouldn't fit the length limitation of the chassis.
Why would you bother mating a >$700 graphics card to a miniature prebuilt that would probably have issues handling a 7700T (35W TDP CPU) under heavy loads?
fackamato - Tuesday, August 22, 2017 - linkEssentially, I'm trying to build the smallest possible 4k machine. Here's what I have to far, but it's too big. Well, it's the smallest I could build.
JoeyJoJo123 - Tuesday, August 22, 2017 - linkYou're looking to build the smallest possible "4K" machine but the problem is you're sticking to MicroATX form factor. You can go smaller.
AMD Ryzen 5 1600: https://pcpartpicker.com/list/6Qw96X
Intel i5-7600k: https://pcpartpicker.com/list/W9RZYr
If you prefer the almost prebuilt/barebones kind of kits that Shuttle typically offers:
You're just looking at the wrong products here. This Shuttle PC is intended to fit small PCI-e bus powered GPUs only along with a low TDP Intel CPU.