AMD’s Brazos vs. Atom Thermals, Revisited

Last week, we met with AMD at their CES location to see some of their upcoming systems and laptops. While they’ve also recently released several new desktop GPUs, there wasn’t anything new to discuss in that area. The same applies to their desktop CPUs—we’re all waiting to see Llano and Bulldozer. So the focus at CES was understandably on Brazos, aka the “first APU” Vision C- and E-series processors.

We’ve been critical of some of the staged platform comparisons we’ve seen in the past—as Anand put it, the onus is on AMD in this case to provide a truly representative comparison between their new product and Intel’s competing offerings. After the demonstration of their Brazos netbooks on Thursday, AMD called us back and said they wanted to let us rerun the tests to make sure we accurately represented the two platforms. See, there was a slight snafu in the initial thermal imaging comparison. Specifically, AMD thought they put out a netbook with a C-50, but the test system was actually a C-30. So, we returned….

The reason for the mix-up was simple: they had both a C-30 and C-50 system from the same OEM, and they’re basically identical (one was dark blue and the other was light blue). Given that the two C-series parts are both 9W TDP, we didn’t expect much to change, and the new testing confirmed this. We did get some better images of both the top and bottom of the three test netbooks—Atom N550 vs. C-30 and C-50. Unfortunately, stupidity on my part resulted in the loss of said images (it’s a long story…), so all we have are the thermal shots from the keyboard area and screenshots showing CPU utilization during playback along with screen captures taken with FRAPS.

The above gallery shows essentially the same thing as our initial testing: Brazos using its GPU uses less power and runs cooler than Atom N550 doing the decoding in software. The difference between the C-30 and C-50 is pretty much non-existent, as expected. The testing environment was not conducive to doing any form of noise comparison, so while the N550 setup was clearly warmer we couldn’t say if it was quieter or not. Battery life is looking to roughly equal Atom, so that’s good to see. Now we’re waiting for final hardware to see if we can shed any more light on the situation, as well as running our full suite of tests.

We also took the opportunity to capture a video showing the 1080p playback comparison, as that’s part of the story. The video in question is Big Buck Bunny, an open movie demo created as part of the Peach movie project. (You can read more about it on their site, though it’s old enough now that if you haven’t heard of it already there’s not much to add. Suffice it to say, the lack of any licensing issues meant BBB was all over the CES floor, and I’m tired of the short now!) This particular version is a stereoscopic rendering, so instead of the normal 24FPS the frame rate is 48FPS according to FRAPS.

I believe during playback Arcsoft TotalMedia Theater 5 is skipping half the frames, as none of the netbooks come equipped with a 3D 120Hz panel. Does that actually matter? Not that we could tell—now that we’re home from CES, I ran the regular 24FPS version of Big Buck Bunny on a different dual-core N550 netbook, and frame rates still frequently dropped into the teens. Actually, it was worse than the netbook at AMD’s demonstration, but that’s probably more to do with lack of optimizations and some bloatware that came preinstalled; but I digress….

You can see during playback that the Atom N550 periodically stutters and drops below 48FPS—and more importantly, it’s far below 24FPS as well at times. In comparison, both the Vision C-30 and C-50 Brazos/Ontario chips manage a consistent 48FPS. The C-30 does flicker between 47 and 48FPS, but again, that may simply be an artifact of using a stereoscopic 3D video on a non-3D panel. Temperatures are in line with what we reported in our earlier coverage, and the two AMD netbooks are virtually identical. CPU utilization on the dual-core C-50 is lower by about half, as expected.

Once More, With Feeling

This is essentially the killer app of Brazos compared to Atom, and it’s important to keep things in perspective. These chips have a much better IGP than Atom, but at least on the nettop side of things the faster AMD E-350 isn’t miles ahead of Atom D510 in the CPU department. When we drop clock speeds down to 1.0GHz (dual-core C-50) from 1.6GHz (E-350) and compare that to the Atom N550 (1.5GHz)… well, 62.5% of the performance of E-350 compared to 90.4% of the performance of D510 means that in some tests the N550 will probably beat the C-50 for raw CPU potential. Yeah, that’s a concern for me. The GPU is the real difference, so naturally a video decoding test is the best-case scenario. I suspect C-50 will be underpowered for most 3D games, even if the DX11 GPU inside Brazos is fast enough—it will just be the AMD equivalent of Atom + NVIDIA ION, only without as many discrete chips.

We also have to consider performance of the next tier of CPUs and IGPs. Atom is the lowest of the low hanging fruit; we have much faster chips and IGPs from both AMD and Intel, and we don’t need to move up to current generation parts like 2nd Gen Core processors. Even the old Core 2 Duo CULV chips are a darn sight faster than Atom (2x-3x faster), and bad as GMA 4500MHD is, it could do an okay job at H.264 offload. It appears that the E-350 will end up delivering performance roughly equal to the old CULV chips (probably a bit slower, to be honest). That means it will also be around the same level as the Athlon II Neo K325, only with a better IGP and apparently improved power characteristics.

The biggest point in favor of Brazos isn't performance, though. It's going to be cost. If AMD can get partners to put out $400 netbooks (hopefully without Win7 Starter and with more than 1GB RAM), that will hopefully put the nail in the current iteration of Atom. We've seen the Brazos chips, and they're extremely small—smaller even than Atom—so pricing should be very compelling. AMD also doesn't appear concerned about protecting their more expensive mobile offerings (mostly because there aren't many), so they don't have to castrate Brazos in the same way Atom has been stagnant since the first N270 rolled out. Well equipped Brazos netbooks (and nettops) in the $500 range should also be a more elegant choice than Atom + ION/NG-ION, so again AMD looks set to win several matchups.

We’re working to get Brazos hardware in for testing as soon as possible, but it looks like the biggest beneficiaries will be users that want good H.264 decoding in a 10.1” form factor, or an alternative to ION. If you’re looking for the ultimate HTPC chip, we’ll have to investigate that area in further detail, as bitstreaming support and other features are still a question mark. Right now, Brazos is shaping up to be what we all wanted from Atom last year; whether that will be enough in 2011 remains to be seen.



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  • JarredWalton - Thursday, January 20, 2011 - link

    But K10.5 came out when in comparison to Penryn? Nehalem was already shipping. Reply
  • nitrousoxide - Friday, January 14, 2011 - link

    Sorry pal, but I can't be an Intel fanboy when I'm using Phenom II X3 720+HD6870 on my PC and still waiting for my pre-ordered APU nettop :)

    AMD is surely doing its besting in giving us the Atom-killer with higher performance, better power efficiency at similar price margin. What I'm trying to emphasize here is that DO NOT EXPECT TOO MUCH FROM BRAZOS, as it's impossible to get super-computer-like performance with a 74 mm^2 chip built on 40nm process, otherwise AMD may used some technology from Martians lol.
  • ninjaquick - Tuesday, January 18, 2011 - link

    The problem is that no-one cares if you can out perform an Atom. Even Snapdragon (ARM7) can outperform Atom. Brazos will be most underwhelming and will only belong in netbooks. CULV will continue to dominate the low end and ultra portable markets while Bulldozer will have to compete with everything else. Reply
  • ninjaquick - Tuesday, January 18, 2011 - link

    Weird, because I have, in my last 4 or 5 builds for myself and friends, considered buying intel until I looked at what AnandTech thought, at which point I went AMD Ati. Reply
  • bjacobson - Friday, January 14, 2011 - link

    are you kidding me, Toms is always pro Intel from what I've seen.

    Look at their WoW Cataclysm benchmark, they don't once question why there's no improvement between cores 3->4 and 4->5 but there is between 5->6.

    He was pretty kind to AMD in this review.

    Jeez I'm going to stop reading these comments they are getting polluted!
  • Voldenuit - Friday, January 14, 2011 - link

    I'm curious to know if Brazos/Zacate have enough CPU power to decode HD video in software.

    Why bother? While it's undeniable that hardware-accelerated playback is much more power and CPU efficient, there are times when it is lower quality or downright incompatible with a given video file. And not all file and video formats are supported in hardware (eg, what about WebM, or the various weird formats video cameras and the like record in?).

    I use DXVA on my Radeon 4870 for most of my media viewing, but there are times when I have to fallback to FFDShow for some files, whether it's because of a poorly encoded video, odd choice of container or problems with the ATI drivers. It would be useful to know if Brazos/Zacate have enough CPU grunt to decode a 1080p video in software when the occasion arises.
  • Shadowmaster625 - Wednesday, January 19, 2011 - link

    Aye I run into this problem all the time. Reply
  • DILLIGAFF - Friday, January 14, 2011 - link

    Jarred -thank you!

    I respect the person, when they are a public source of information, and admits fault publically and busts ass to fix the wrong. Props. i understand it takes people, personal time and guts to do it. I have been there before albeit not quiet as public :)

    as far as netbooks with ssd's--i shoved a 2nd gen intel 160 in a n10j (remember that one jarred?) . the experience is unbelievably satisfying for anything other then games on an external monitor.....there is a reason why intel limits the display rez on these any way they can.

    that said i think another way to summarize the chip is that it is a relevant chip in an irrelevant chip segment (tdp wise and current application of apu/cpu/gpu).
    the atom..this thing....they all would be amazing in a phone but are mediocre at best in a computer no matter which way you dice it

    the Only good thing about this is that this should cause intel to push for the next tick or tock or whatever of the atom..i think at this point they have to go lower then 45nm for it....hopefully this means sooner ivy bridge and haswell [at least not delayed] so they push desktop to 22 and open 32 capacity for atom

    i shudder to think where either of these products (atom and brazos) would be today had TSMC hit ~30-20nm sooner without delays last year which would have allowed ARM to leverage the new manuf standard....

    if there was one improvement you guys could make at AT to Mobile is to standardize cpu's more--buy a couple SB mobile, so not only can you test the product as sold but can also provide better guidance around cpu performance.....took 11 months to show exactly how much "slower" a fast mobile dual core is compared to a quad core mobile....yikes..seems like a no brainer...coulda bought a 620m 11 months ago and showed the data....maybe even borrowed one from intel.

  • Hacp - Friday, January 14, 2011 - link

    When you're talking about raw cpu potential, you mean multi-threaded apps. However, many of the things we use today are single threaded, and that is where AMD's OOO beat's Atom hands down. Remember, a dual core atom with hyperthreading beats a 3.4ghz P4 with Hyperthreading in multithreaded benches, but the P4 owns the Atom in single thread performance. Reply
  • nitrousoxide - Friday, January 14, 2011 - link

    Keep in mind that when you are reading this comment, your Chrome or Safari or Firefox or whatever browser you use is multi-threaded so multi-core benches really count in real-world use. Photo editing, audio transcoding, instant messaging, all these software used in nettops today are INDEED multi-threaded (probably no significant improvement on triple to quad cores, but it makes a lotta difference when you have more than one core)
    The problem here is HT: it actually does nothing in most cases and even impacts gaming performance as threads compete for limited resources and can provide decent performance boost only when the software is carefully optimized for HT. Atom can come close to Brazos in multi-threading, yeah, that's right, because the softwares tested are HT optimized.

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